Red deer damage to tree bark.
Red deer dug the teeth in their bottom jaw into the bark then ripped it up pulling the bark off in strips. The damage can still be seen 10 years later. Many trees died from ring-barking, while others have been weakened and have succumbed to snow damage. Some trees are showing new growth on the edges of the damage, but will never be able to cover the scars with new growth so will eventually rot and die.
Photographer: Ray Goldring